Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia. It is a condition that affects the brain. It affects cognitive functions and memory. Alzheimer’s symptoms usually develop gradually until the entire brain is affected. As this happens the most important cells in the brain die hence different bodily and mental functions are depleted. The disease is not curable but there are different ways of managing it.
Alzheimer’s disease usually progresses in stages and each stage has symptoms
Mild Alzheimer’s disease, early-stage
This is the first stage. Dementia sufferers at this stage can still operate as normal and even carry out their daily activities without any difficulties. However the person will complain of memory lapses such as forgetting where they kept the keys or even forget very familiar words. There is also a problem in concentration. Some of the symptoms of mild Alzheimer’s disease are:
- Difficulties coming up with words
- Difficulties remembering names and performing tasks
- Forgetting what they have read
- Misplacing things
- Troubles organizing or planning things
Moderate Alzheimer’s disease, middle-stage
This is the longest stage amongst the other Alzheimer’s stages. It can actually last for several years and the person will require a greater amount of care as the disease progresses. Caregivers and loved ones will notice the person gets frustrated or angered easily and jumbled up words. They will become stubborn for instance refusing to take a bath. The symptoms are:
- Being moody
- Confusion with dates and identity
- They need help to dress up
- Forgetting events and personal history
- Trouble controlling their bladder and bowel movements
- Changes in sleeping patterns
- They can wander and get lost
- Change in behavior and personality
Severe Alzheimer’s disease, late-stage
This is the final stage of Alzheimer’s disease. At this rate the patient requires complete help with their daily activities. There is a complete change in personality as memory and cognitive skills get worse. They lose the ability to respond to their environment, control movement and even communicate. Other symptoms are:
- Changes in physical abilities
- Round the clock assistance
- Increased vulnerability to infections
What can be done to slow down the speed and effect of these symptoms?
Things do not have to go downhill after a diagnosis. There are things you can do to mitigate the effects of Alzheimer’s. You can start by doing regular exercise. This will help the brain to maintain connections as it makes new ones hence delaying the development of cognitive problems.
You should get out there and interact with people and while at eat ensure that you are eating healthy. Interaction is good for memory. Healthy food enhances communication between brain cells.
Challenge your brain by learning new things. Learn a new language or even a difficult song. This helps you become mentally stronger for a good period of time.
Get some good sleep everyday so that your brain can rest and get rid of its toxins too.
Manage stress positively or else you will be adding another load to your brain when it already has one so do your brain a favor.